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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Currently 3059 records
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Created on : 22 Dec 2003
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Induction of labour with a favourable cervix and/or pre-labour rupture of membranes. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2003 Oct;17(5):795-809.

Author(s) :

Crane JM, Young DC.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) occurs in 8% of term deliveries. In this situation labour induction with prostaglandins, compared with expectant management, results in a reduced risk of chorioamnionitis, neonatal antibiotic therapy, neonatal intensive care (NICU) admission, and increased maternal satisfaction. The use of prostaglandin is associated with an increased rate of diarrhoea and use of analgesia/anaesthesia. Compared with oxytocin, prostaglandin induction results in a lower rate of epidural use and internal fetal heart rate monitoring but a greater risk of chorioamnionitis, nausea, vomiting, more vaginal examinations, neonatal antibiotic therapy, NICU admission and neonatal infection. Women should be informed of the risks and benefits of each method of induction.Misoprostol is gaining increasing interest as an alternative induction agent. It appears to be an effective method of labour induction with term PROM. Further research is needed to identify the preferred dosage, route and interval of administration, and to assess uncommon maternal and neonatal outcomes.There has been limited research on the use of prostaglandins, including misoprostol, for induction of labour with a favourable cervix and intact membranes. Compared with intravenous oxytocin (with and without amniotomy), labour induction using vaginal prostaglandins in women with a favourable cervix (with and without PROM) results in a higher rate of vaginal delivery within 24 hours and increased maternal satisfaction. In women with a favourable cervix, artificial rupture of membranes followed by oral misoprostol has similar time to vaginal delivery compared with artificial rupture of membranes followed by oxytocin. Further research with prostaglandins, including misoprostol, is needed to evaluate other maternal and neonatal outcomes in women being induced with a favourable cervix.No form of prostaglandin induction in women with PROM or favourable cervix has proven clearly superior to oxytocin infusion.

Sumário (português)  :

Comments :

Argument (français) :

Combien de temps attendre avant de déclencher après une rupture spontanée des membranes, sur un col favorable?

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; induction of labor ; exams during labor ; oxytocin ; epidural ; rupture of membranes ; misoprostol (Cytotec) ; monitoring ; maternal age ; post-term pregnancy

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 22 Dec 2003

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