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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3046 records
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Created on : 14 Jul 2003
Modified on : 01 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Benefits and risks of episiotomy: an interpretive review of the English language literature, 1860-1980. Obstet. Gynecol. Survey 1983, 38(6): 322-338

Author(s) :

Thacker, SB.; Banta, HD.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Les auteurs ont étudié plus de 350 articles, rapports et chapitres d’ouvrages publiés de 1860 à 1980, et n’ont trouvé aucune preuve substantielle que l’épisiotomie empêcherait les déchirures dans le rectum, les dommages à la paroi pelvienne, les traumatismes à la tête du foetus, ni que les épisiotomies étaient plus faciles à réparer que les déchirures.

[Résumé tiré de Goer, H. Obstetric Myths Versus Research Realities: A Guide to the Medical Literature. Westport: Bergin & Garvey, 1995: 280-281]

Abstract (English)  :

The benefits and risks of episiotomy in labor and delivery as recorded in the English language literature in over 350 books and articles published since 1860 are reviewed and analyzed. Episiotomy is performed in over 60 per cent of all deliveries in the United States and in a much higher per cent of primigravidas. Yet, there is no clearly defined evidence for its efficacy, particularly for routine use. In addition, although poorly studied, there is evidence that postpartum pain and discomfort are accentuated after episiotomy, and serious complications, including maternal death, can be associated with the procedure. Therefore, carefully designed controlled trials of benefit and risk should be carried out on the use of episiotomy.

Sumário (português)  :

Comments :

Resume en anglais rajoute par C. Loup, tq publie.

Argument (français) :

Revue de la littérature jusqu’en 1980

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ survey ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy

Author of this record :

Bernard Bel — 14 Jul 2003

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