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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3048 records
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Created on : 27 Apr 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Effective analgesia following perineal injury during childbirth: a placebo controlled trial of prophylactic rectal diclofenac. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Jun;105(6):627-31.

Author(s) :

Searles JA, Pring DW.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: To determine if diclofenac suppositories administered prophylactically produce effective and lasting analgesia following perineal injury. DESIGN: A randomised double blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: York District Hospital. POPULATION: One hundred women sustaining objective perineal injury (second degree tear or episiotomy) during spontaneous vaginal delivery at term. METHODS: Suppositories were administered at the time of repair and approximately 12 hours later. The suppositories were randomised prior to issue by the pharmacy department and contained either 100 mg diclofenac or placebo. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pain scores assessed at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after delivery using a six point numerical scoring system and the use of additional analgesia and local treatments to the perineum. RESULTS: The mean pain score was significantly reduced in the diclofenac group at 24, 48 and 72 hours after delivery (0.86, 0.7 and 0.59, respectively) compared with the control group (1.64, 1.31 and 1.5; P < 0.005). In addition there was less supplementary analgesia required (eight women only at 72 hours compared with 15 in the control group) and this was limited to paracetamol or topical treatments to the perineum. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic rectal diclofenac provides effective analgesia after perineal repair and its effect appears to be maintained into the second and third postpartum days.

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Argument (français) :

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ perineal/vaginal tears ; pain ; episiotomy ; pain medication

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 27 Apr 2004

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