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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3106 records
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Created on : 27 Apr 2004
Modified on : 01 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Management of faecal incontinence following obstetric injury. Br J Surg. 1998 Mar;85(3):293-9.

Author(s) :

Cook TA, Mortensen NJ.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence is common in women and the major aetiological factor is childbirth. Increasing numbers of women with faecal incontinence are presenting to surgical clinics. METHODS: A literature review was performed on Medline database for English language publications an obstetric injury. The incidence, presentation, assessment and treatment of faecal incontinence following obstetric injury were evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Third-degree tear occurs in association with less than 1 per cent of vaginal deliveries, but occult sphincter injury occurs at one-third of deliveries and may be significant in later life. Incontinence may result from sphincter damage or nerve injury, or both. Risk factors for these injuries can be identified. Clinical evaluation, anorectal physiology and endoanal ultrasonography allow accurate planning of subsequent surgery. Overlapping anterior anal sphincter repair provides symptomatic control of continence in 80 per cent of patients. Repair of an acute anal sphincter injury after a third-degree tear is controversial and a defined policy should be agreed between obstetric and colorectal teams.

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Resumen (español)  :

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Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Argumento (español):

Keywords :

➡ perineal/vaginal tears ; incontinence/prolapsus

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 27 Apr 2004

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