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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3046 records
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https://afar.info/id=104

Created on : 15 Oct 2003
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Stress debriefing after childbirth: a randomised controlled trial. Medical Journal of Australia 2003 Jun 2;178(11):542-5.

Author(s) :

Priest SR, Henderson J, Evans SF, Hagan R.

Year of publication :

2003

URL(s) :

http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/178_11_020603/…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: To test whether critical incident stress debriefing after childbirth reduces the incidence of postnatal psychological disorders.
DESIGN: Randomised single-blind controlled trial stratified for parity and delivery mode.
SETTING: Two large maternity hospitals in Perth.
PARTICIPANTS: 1745 women who delivered healthy term infants between April 1996 and December 1997 (875 allocated to intervention and 870 to control group). INTERVENTION: An individual, standardised debriefing session based on the principles of critical incident stress debriefing carried out within 72 hours of delivery.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Diagnosis of stress disorders or depression in the 12 months postpartum, using structured psychological interview and criteria of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition.
RESULTS: Follow-up information was available for 1730 women (99.1%), 482 of whom underwent psychological interview. There were no significant differences between control and intervention groups in scores on Impact of Events or Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scales at 2, 6 or 12 months postpartum, or in proportions of women who met diagnostic criteria for a stress disorder (intervention, 0.6% v control, 0.8%; P = 0.58) or major or minor depression (intervention, 17.8% v control, 18.2%; relative risk [95% CI], 0.99 [0.87-1.11]) during the postpartum year. Nor were there differences in median time to onset of depression (intervention, 6 [interquartile range, 4-9] weeks v control, 4 [3-8] weeks; P = 0.84), or duration of depression (intervention, 24 [12-46] weeks v control, 22 [10-52] weeks; P = 0.98).
CONCLUSIONS: There is a high prevalence of depression in women during the first year after childbirth. A session of midwife-led, critical incident stress debriefing was not effective in preventing postnatal psychological disorders, but had no adverse effects.

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Keywords :

➡ depression, anxiety ; traumatism ; post-traumatic stress ; psychology ; debriefing

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 15 Oct 2003
➡ latest update : Alison Passieux — 02 Dec 2007

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This database is managed by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
affiliated with Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
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