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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
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https://afar.info/id=1161

Created on : 21 Apr 2005
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Perineal outcomes and nurse-midwifery management. J Nurse Midwifery. 1995 Jan-Feb;40(1):13-8.

Author(s) :

Lydon-Rochelle MT, Albers L, Teaf D.

Year of publication :

1995

URL(s) :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

This article describes the association among perineal outcomes, selected risk factors, and alternative intrapartum approaches used by nurse-midwives. This nonrandomized concurrent (cohort) study analyzed all spontaneous vaginal births (N = 1211) attended by nurse-midwives at a university hospital over a 2-year period. Univariate analysis was used to calculate relative risks for the associations between two perineal outcomes and selected variables. Study results indicated that parity, ethnicity, birth weight, and use of two techniques (hot compresses and lubrication) were associated with lacerations. The same factors that increase the risk of perineal lacerations also made the performance of an episiotomy more likely; however, for episiotomy, an inverse relationship with perineal hot compresses was noted, and perineal lubrication had no effect. Lack of perineal support was associated with a 66% rise in the risk of episiotomy. Use of birthing positions other than lithotomy significantly reduced the likelihood of episiotomy. The authors concluded that selected care measures to protect the perineum may reduce maternal morbidity and simplify intrapartum care. The risks and benefits of alternative strategies commonly used by nurse-midwives while caring for diverse populations during birth should be further evaluated in large multiethnic populations.

Sumário (português)  :

Comments :

Argument (français) :

Etude de cohorte. L’application de compresses chaudes et la lubrification sont des facteurs de risque de déchirures. Par contre le maintien manuel du périnée diminue ce risque. La position lithotomique augmente la fréquence des épisiotomies. Etude prise en compte dans la méta-analyse De Jonge 2004 (fiche AFAR 1122)

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; physiology ; position during labor ; perineal/vaginal tears ; episiotomy ; morbidity

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 21 Apr 2005

Related records
Pinned by #1122   De Jonge A, Teunissen TA, Lagro-Janssen AL. (2004). Supine position compared to other positions during the second stage of labor: a meta-analytic review. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 2004 Mar;25(1):35-45. ➡ https://afar.info/id=1122
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