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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Currently 3032 records
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Created on : 15 May 2005
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Measuring the ups and downs of pregnancy stress. J Psychosom Obstet Gynecol 2004;25:189-201.

Author(s) :

DiPietro JA, Ghera MM, Costigan K, Hawkins M.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

Despite substantial interest in the effects of
stress on pregnancy, few instruments are available to measure
pregnancy-specific stressors. Moreover, research has typically focused on the
distressing, negative aspects of pregnancy. This report examines the
reliability and validity of the Pregnancy Experience Scale (PES), a 41- item
scale that measures pregnancy-specific daily hassles and uplifts. The PES was
administered to two cohorts of low risk women at 24, 30, and 36 weeks (n = 52)
or 32 and 38 weeks (n = 137). Women perceived their pregnancies to be
significantly more intensely and frequently uplifting than hassling. Internal
scale reliability was high (a = 0.91 to 0.95). Frequency and intensity scores
for hassles and uplifts were stable over time (r s = 0.56 to 0.83) and
patterns of convergent and discriminant validity emerged between the PES and
existing measures of general affective intensity, daily stressors, depressive
symptoms, and anxiety. These results indicate that (1) failure to measure
pregnancy-specific stress will underestimate the degree to which pregnant
women experience distress and (2) measurement of only the negative aspects of
pregnancy will overestimate distress and fail to portray the degree to which
women are psychologically elevated by their pregnancies. Measurement of
hassles relative to uplifts may provide the most balanced assessment of
pregnancy appraisal.

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Keywords :

➡ depression, anxiety ; psychology

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 15 May 2005

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