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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
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https://afar.info/id=1252

Created on : 23 May 2005
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Unexplained antepartum fetal deaths: what are the determinants? Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2005;271(4):286-291.

Author(s) :

Chibber R.

Year of publication :

2005

URL(s) :

http://springerlink.metapress.com/media/53F7MFA0YP…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to assess fetal, antenatal, and pregnancy determinants of unexplained antepartum fetal death.

METHODS: This is a hospital-based cohort study of 34,394 births weighing 500 g or more from January 1995 to December 2002. Unexplained fetal deaths were defined as fetal deaths occurring before labor, without evidence of significant fetal, maternal or placental pathology.

RESULTS: Ninety-eight unexplained antepartum fetal deaths accounted for 27.2% of 360 total fetal deaths. Two-thirds of these deaths occurred after 36 weeks gestation. The following factors are independently associated with unexplained fetal deaths: primiparity (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.21, 2.86); parity of five or more (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.26, 3.26); low socioeconomic status (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.14, 2.86); maternal age 40 years or more (OR 3.62; 95% CI 1.22, 4.52); maternal age of 18 years or less (OR 1.79; 95% CI 0.82, 2.89); maternal prepregnancy weight greater than 70 kg (OR 2.20; 95% CI 1.85, 3.68); fewer than three antenatal visits in women whose fetuses died at 31 weeks or more (OR 1.11; 95% CI 1.08, 2.48); birth weight ratio (defined as ratio of birth weight to mean birth weight for gestational age) between 0.85 and 0.94 (OR 1.77; 95% CI 1.28, 4.18) or over 1.45 (OR 2.92; 95% CI 1.75, 3.21); trimester of first antenatal visit. Previous fetal death, previous abortion, cigarette smoking, fetal sex, low maternal weight, fetal-to-placenta weight, and post date pregnancy were not significantly associated with unexplained fetal deaths.

CONCLUSION Several factors were identified that are associated with an increased risk of unexplained fetal deaths.

Sumário (português)  :

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Comments :

Texte en accès libre.

Argument (français) :

Facteurs de risque des décès in-utéro inexpliqués … ça n’explique pas grand chose.

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; perinatal death rates ; maternal age

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 23 May 2005

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This database is managed by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
affiliated with Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, http://ciane.net).
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