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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3053 records
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https://afar.info/id=1380

Created on : 19 Jan 2006
Modified on : 23 Mar 2018

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

RANDOMIZED TRIAL OF AMNIOTOMY IN LABOR VERSUS THE INTENTION TO LEAVE MEMBRANES INTACT UNTIL THE 2ND STAGE. BRITISH JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY 99 (1): 5-9 JAN 1992

Author(s) :

BARRETT JFR, SAVAGE J, PHILLIPS K, LILFORD RJ

Year of publication :

1992

URL(s) :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE To compare by randomized prospective clinical trial the outcome of labours which are managed with the intention to leave the membranes intact, compared with the practice of elective artificial rupture of the membranes (ARM) in early established labour.

DESIGN Prospective randomized controlled trial of low risk women admitted in spontaneous labour, with intact membranes.

SETTING The labour ward of St. James’s University Hospital, Leeds, UK.

SUBJECTS 362 women in spontaneous labour with intact membranes and no evidence of fetal distress, between 37 and 42 weeks gestation. During the course of the trial it was found that some randomization cards could not be accounted for and a system of daily checks was instituted. The results were analysed for all recorded women (n = 362) and after institution of the more rigorous system (n = 120).

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURED: The duration of each phase of labour, epidural rate, prevalence of an abnormal cardiotocograph (CTG) (assessed blind), method of delivery and neonatal outcome.

RESULTS: 178 of the 183 women (97%) in the ARM group had their membranes ruptured in early labour, and 83 (46%) of the 179 women allocated to non-intervention had ARM performed at some stage. A significant decrease in the duration of labour (mean 8.3, SD 4.1 h vs mean 9.7, SD 4.8h, n = 156; P = 0.05) was found amongst primigravidae allocated to ARM when compared with non intervention. The duration of the second stage of labour was unaffected. In the ARM group the epidural rate was higher and labour was more often complicated by CTG abnormalities. There were no differences in the method of delivery, fetal condition at birth (cord blood lactate, Apgar score) or postpartum pyrexia between the ARM and non-intervention groups. The same trends were observed when analysis was confined to women entered into the trial after the system of rigour was instituted.

CONCLUSION: Routine ARM results in labour that is slightly shorter than if the membranes are allowed to rupture spontaneously but more epidurals are used suggesting that labour is more painful. There are fewer fetal heart rate abnormalities if the membranes are left intact but amniotomy has no effect on fetal condition at birth.

Sumário (português)  :

Comments :

Argument (français) :

L’amniotomie de routine raccourcit la durée du travail mais nécessite davantage de péridurale. Elle augmente la fréquence d’anormalité au niveau de la fréquence cardiaque du foetus.
Routine ARM shorten labour but requires more epidurals. It increases the fetal heart rate abnormalities.

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ amniotomy ; active management of labor ; oxytocin ; epidural

Author of this record :

Sandrine Péneau — 19 Jan 2006
➡ latest update : Bernard Bel — 23 Mar 2018

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