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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3032 records
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https://afar.info/id=2164

Created on : 19 Feb 2008
Modified on : 19 Feb 2008

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Relationship of psychosocial status to low prenatal weight gain among nonobese black and white women delivering at term Obstet. Gynecol., Aug 1995; 86: 177 - 183.

Author(s) :

CA Hickey, SP Cliver, RL Goldenberg, SF McNeal, HJ Hoffman

Year of publication :

1995

URL(s) :

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of six indices of psychosocial well-being with low prenatal weight gain. METHODS: Scales assessing depression, trait anxiety, stress, mastery, self-esteem, and social support were self-administered at mid-pregnancy to 536 black and 270 white low-income, nonobese, multiparous women who subsequently delivered at term. All women had one or more risk factors for fetal growth restriction. The association of individual scale scores with prenatal weight gain values below current Institute of Medicine guidelines was examined while controlling for sociodemographic and reproductive variables, and for time between last weight observation and delivery. RESULTS: None of the scales were associated with low gain among black women. Among white women, poor scores (worst quartile) on four of the scales were associated with increased adjusted odds ratios for low gain, including 2.5 for high trait anxiety, 3.0 for increased levels of depression, 3.9 for low mastery, and 7.2 for low self-esteem. When scale scores and weight gain were examined as continuous variables, poor scores on five of the six scales were associated with lower weight gain values among white women (scores on the stress scale were the exception). CONCLUSION: These data suggest an important role for psychosocial factors in the etiology of low prenatal weight gain among white women but show no such role for black women. Along with reports of wide inter-individual variability in the energy costs of pregnancy, these data also suggest that attempts to manipulate pregnancy weight gain through dietary means will meet with variable success until psychosocial and other factors affecting prenatal energy intake and/or utilization are further delineated.

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Keywords :

➡ maternal weight

Author of this record :

Emmanuelle Phan — 19 Feb 2008

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This database is managed by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
affiliated with Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
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