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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 06 Nov 2008
Modified on : 07 Nov 2008

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Management of threatened preterm delivery in France: a national practice survey (the EVAPRIMA study). BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Volume 115 Issue 12, Pages 1538 - 1546

Author(s) :

O. Parant, F. Maillard, V. Tsatsaris, M. Delattre, D. Subtil, F. Goffinet

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :


Objectives To describe the management of threatened preterm delivery (TPD) in France 3 years after publication of the French guidelines and to analyse the factors of variation of the practices observed.

Design Population-based study.

Setting Representative sample of French maternity units. The study included 107 hospitals, accounting for 20% of all French maternity units.

Population Women hospitalised for TPD during May 2005.

Methods Cross-sectional national practice survey.

Results Of the 734 admissions for TPD, 12.1% involved premature rupture of membranes and 12.9% were in utero transfers. Women admitted for TPD accounted for roughly 6% of all annual deliveries, regardless of the unit’s level of care, and 42.4% of these women delivered preterm: none delivered before 32 weeks in level 1 maternity units, 11.6% in level 2 and 88.4% in level 3. Transvaginal cervical ultrasound was performed for 54.5% of the women with intact membranes. Tocolysis was administered in 87.1% of women with intact membranes, with 45.6% of such women receiving this intervention for longer than 48 hours. First-line tocolytics used were calcium channel blockers (53.7%), beta-agonists (34.7%) or atosiban (8.8%), but their distribution differed substantially according to level of care. Maintenance tocolysis was administered to 385 women (59.8%) with intact membranes. Of the women admitted before 34 weeks, 21.1% did not receive corticosteroids.

Conclusions Practices for the management of TPD vary widely and appear to depend on the level of care. Some practices appear less than optimal, especially those related to duration of tocolysis, maintenance tocolysis, antenatal corticosteroid and use of cervical ultrasound.

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Keywords :

➡ premature baby ; public health ; rupture of membranes

Author of this record :

Emmanuelle Phan — 06 Nov 2008

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