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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 16 Dec 2003
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Predicting psychological well-being after emergency caesarean section: a preliminary study. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 2002;20(1):25-36.

Author(s) :

Wijma K, Ryding EL, Wijma B.

Year of publication :


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Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

The experience of emergency caesarean section (EmCS) is traumatic for many women. Up to now, a possible relationship between psychological variables before and after EmCS has not been studied. Therefore, the present study was designed, to examine whether the women’s psychological condition during pregnancy correlates with their psychological well-being after EmCS. Questionnaires were administered in gestation week 32, a few days and one month after EmCS. A consecutive sample of pregnant women (N = 1981) completed questionnaires (the predictors) at Time 1. Predictors were operationalized by means of the Wijma-Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ vers. A), the Spielberger Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Stress Coping Inventory (SCI). Of those women who had an EmCS (N = 97), a selection (N = 40) completed questionnaires (the criterion variables) at Times 2 and 3. The criterion variables were operationalized by means of the W-DEQ vers. B, the Impact of Event Scale (IES), and the Symptom Checklist (SCL). Fear of childbirth (W-DEQ vers. A) was the best overall predictor of the three criterion variables, whereas general anxiety (STAI) was the best predictor of mental distress (SCL) after EmCS. In conclusion, according to the results of this study, particularly fear of childbirth during late pregnancy, but also general anxiety, is associated with mental distress after a subsequent EmCS. Maternal follow-up after a complicated delivery should perhaps be directed especially to women with a history of serious fear of childbirth and/or other anxiety difficulties during gestation.

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Keywords :

➡ c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; traumatism ; post-traumatic stress ; psychology

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 16 Dec 2003
➡ latest update : Alison Passieux — 02 Dec 2007

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