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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ): validation of new measures of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, and abuse in the health care system among women - European Journal of Public Health - Vol. 13, 4 - ISBN: 1101-1262 - p.361-366

Author(s) :

Swahnberg, I. M. Katarina; Wijma, Barbro

Year of publication :


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Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

BACKGROUND: In the literature about abuse, large variations in prevalence rates exist. Validated research instruments are scarce and are needed urgently. Our aim was to validate the 13 questions concerning the experiences of abuse among women in the NorVold Abuse Questionnaire against an interview and two validated questionnaires.
METHOD: Data collection was in two parts. i) The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 2000 women in Ostergötland. ii) A subsample of 64 women was interviewed, and filled in the Conflict Tactic Scale, the Sexual Abuse Questionnaire, and the NorVold Abuse Questionnaire for a second time. The interview had open questions about abuse and was considered our gold standard.
RESULTS: The response rate was 61%. The abuse variables in The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire showed good test-retest reliability (84-95%). Specificity was 98% for all kinds of abuse except physical (85%). Sensitivity ranged from 75% (emotional) to 96% (physical). The likelihood ratio ranged from 38 to 43 for all kinds of abuse except physical (likelihood ratio 6). NorAQ performed better against the interview than against the Sexual Abuse Questionnaire and equally against the Conflict Tactic Scale. High lifetime prevalence rates of abuse were found: emotional 21.4%; physical 36.4%; sexual 16.9%; abuse in the health care 15.6%. Prevalence rates of abuse dropped considerably when a criterion of current suffering was added.
CONCLUSIONS: The abuse variables in NorAQ have good reliability and validity.

Sumário (português)  :

Resumen (español)  :

Comments :

Validation d’un questionnaire de 13 questions, destiné étudier les maltraitances liées aux soins, le NorVold abuse questionnaire (NorAQ). Conclusion: bonne validité et fiabilité.

Cette publication provient de la thèse de K.Swahnberg (2003) “Prevalence of gender violence : studies of four kinds of abuse in five Nordic countries“ -

Argument (français) :

Validation d’un questionnaire de 13 questions, destiné étudier les maltraitances liées aux soins

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Argumento (español):

Keywords :

➡ obstetric and gynecologic violence obstetric violence, obstetrical violence ; iatrogeny ; guidelines ; public health ; traumatism ; post-traumatic stress ; deontology ; informed consent

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Import 06/02/2016 — 06 Feb 2016
➡ latest update : Bernard Bel — 16 Jan 2018

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Pinned by #3059   Marie-Laure Franeczek (2018). Violence obstétricale : essai de définition à partir de la littérature scientifique. Mémoire de gynécologie et obstétrique. ➡
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