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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 06 Mar 2018
Modified on : 22 Mar 2018

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

The Impact of Birth on the Prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Multiparous Women. Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 2012. n.72.

Author(s) :

W. Schwab, C. Marth, and A. M. Bergant

Year of publication :

2012

URL(s) :

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC41683…
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0031-1280408

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

Traumatic birth experiences may lead to serious psychological impairment. Recent studies show that a considerable number of women can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in some cases in a subsyndromal form. Until now, the possibility that postpartum psychological symptoms might be a continuum of a pre-existing disorder in pregnancy has rarely been considered. This study therefore aimed to evaluate the proportion of women who develop post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of childbirth.

Materials and Methods: 56 multiparous women were recruited for the study. The diagnosis of PTSD was made according to the criteria for psychological disorders in the DSM-IV (Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders). The data were collected in structured interviews in the 30th to 38th week of gestation and in the 6th week post partum.

Results: Of the 56 women participating, 52 (93 %) completed the survey. Uncontrolled results showed that 21.15 % of the multiparous women met the full diagnostic PTSD criteria in the 6th week post partum. After the exclusion of all cases already characterised by all criteria or a subsyndromal form of PTSD caused by previous traumatisation, the PTSD rate was below 8 % at 6 weeks postpartum (= incidence rate of PTSD post partum).

Conclusions: The present study is the first prospective longitudinal study to demonstrate the occurrence of full criteria PTSD in multiparous women as a result of childbirth after having excluded pre-existing PTSD. The results of our study show a high prevalence rate of PTSD during pregnancy. A number of women report all aspects of post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of childbirth.

Sumário (português)  :

Comments :

Argument (français) :

forte prévalence de stress post trauma durant la grossesse pour les femmes multipares. 21% des femmes présentaient un SPT en post-partum dont 8% consécutif à l’accouchement seul.

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ public health ; traumatism ; post-traumatic stress

Author of this record :

Alison Passieux — 06 Mar 2018
➡ latest update : Alison Passieux — 22 Mar 2018

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This database is managed by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
affiliated with Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, http://ciane.net).
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