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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 18 Aug 2018
Modified on : 19 Aug 2018

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Domesticating Bodies: The Role of Shame in Obstetric Violence. Hypatia. A Journal of Feminist Philosophy

Author(s) :

Sara Cohen Shabot Keshet Korem

Year of publication :

2018

URL(s) :

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/hy…
https://doi.org/10.1111/hypa.12428

Résumé (français)  :

La violence obstétricale - la violence dans la salle de travail - a été décrite non seulement en termes de violence en général, mais aussi de violence de genre. Nous proposons une analyse philosophique de la violence obstétricale, axée sur le rôle central de la honte sexiste pour interpréter et perpétuer une telle violence. La honte sexiste dans le travail découle à la fois du regard réifiant qui transforme les corps laborieux des femmes en corps dysfonctionnels sales, excessivement sexuels et «pas assez féminins» et d’une tendance structurelle à se rapporter aux femmes en travail principalement comme futures mères. dont le fait d’être une “bonne mère“ est exigée. Nous montrons que les femmes qui désirent une naissance sans cruauté se sentent facilement gênées de vouloir être respectées et prises en charge en tant que sujets, plutôt que de s’occuper exclusivement du bien-être du bébé, comme le suppose une bonne mère altruiste. Nous explorons comment la violence obstétricale se perpétue et s’étend à travers des mécanismes de honte qui paralysent les femmes, les rendent passives et à peine capables de faire face à cette violence et de la combattre. La honte selon le genre joue un rôle crucial pour ramener les femmes à la “féminité“ et les interpréter comme des “mères en forme“. En revanche, résister à la honte sexuelle, c’est en revanche lutter contre la violence obstétricale et son pouvoir oppressif.

Abstract (English)  :

Obstetric violence—violence in the labor room—has been described in terms not only of violence in general but specifically of gender violence. We offer a philosophical analysis of obstetric violence, focused on the central role of gendered shame for construing and perpetuating such violence. Gendered shame in labor derives both from the reifying gaze that transforms women’s laboring bodies into dirty, overly sexual, and “not‐feminine‐enough” dysfunctional bodies and from a structural tendency to relate to laboring women mainly as mothers‐to‐be, from whom “good motherhood” is demanded. We show that women who desire a humane birth are thus easily made to feel ashamed of wanting to be respected and cared for as subjects, rather than caring exclusively for the baby’s well‐being as a good altruistic mother supposedly should. We explore how obstetric violence is perpetuated and expanded through shaming mechanisms that paralyze women, rendering them passive and barely able to face and fight against this violence. Gendered shame has a crucial role in returning women to “femininity” and construing them as “fit mothers.” To stand against gendered shame, to resist it, on the other hand, is to clearly challenge obstetric violence and its oppressive power.

Sumário (português)  :

A violência obstétrica - violência na sala de parto - foi descrita em termos não só da violência em geral, mas especificamente da violência de gênero. Oferecemos uma análise filosófica da violência obstétrica, focalizada no papel central da vergonha de gênero para interpretar e perpetuar essa violência. A vergonha por gênero no trabalho deriva do olhar reificante que transforma o corpo de trabalho das mulheres em corpos disfuncionais sujos, excessivamente sexuais e “não-femininos” e de uma tendência estrutural de se relacionar com mulheres trabalhadoras principalmente como mães-a-ser quem “boa maternidade“ é exigida. Mostramos que as mulheres que desejam um parto humano são facilmente levadas a se sentirem envergonhadas de querer ser respeitadas e cuidadas como sujeitos, em vez de se preocuparem exclusivamente com o bem-estar do bebê, como supostamente deveria ser uma boa mãe altruísta. Nós exploramos como a violência obstétrica é perpetuada e expandida através de mecanismos que paralisam as mulheres, tornando-as passivas e incapazes de enfrentar e lutar contra essa violência. A vergonha de gênero tem um papel crucial em devolver as mulheres à “feminilidade” e construí-las como “mães aptas”. Para enfrentar a vergonha de gênero, resistir, por outro lado, é desafiar claramente a violência obstétrica e seu poder opressivo.

Comments :

Argument (français) :

Nous proposons une analyse philosophique de la violence obstétricale, axée sur le rôle central de la honte sexiste pour interpréter et perpétuer une telle violence.

Argument (English):

We propose a philosophical analysis of obstetric violence, focusing on the central role of sexist shame in interpreting and perpetuating such violence.

Argumento (português):

Propomos uma análise filosófica da violência obstétrica, enfocando o papel central da vergonha sexista na interpretação e perpetuação dessa violência.

Keywords :

➡ obstetric and gynecologic violence obstetric violence, obstetrical violence ; deontology ; informed consent

Author of this record :

Alison Passieux — 18 Aug 2018
➡ latest update : Bernard Bel — 19 Aug 2018

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