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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3046 records
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https://afar.info/id=3156

Created on : 24 Jan 2020
Modified on : 24 Jan 2020

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

La participation des groupes de parents à travers l’évolution des maisons de naissances québécoises

Author(s) :

Lorrain Roxanne

Year of publication :

2018

URL(s) :

https://papyrus.bib.umontreal.ca/xmlui/handle/1866…

Résumé (français)  :

Ce mémoire examine la participation des usagères dans les maisons de naissance du Québec dans les 25 dernières années, ainsi que les pratiques qui animent la vie communautaire de ces lieux. À partir du cadre conceptuel de la participation ainsi que de l’expérience des femmes et des groupes de parents, il s’agit de comprendre comment s’entreprennent, s’organisent et s’y développent des moyens d’action concrets, novateurs et répondant aux besoins de leur communauté. Cette recherche qualitative a été menée auprès de 18 femmes membres de groupes de parents, investies durant les projets pilotes il y a plus de 20 ans (4 participantes) et celles actuellement investies (14 participantes). Les résultats de recherche, analysés à partir d’une thématisation séquenciée, permettent d’identifier le désir des femmes de s’engager dans une maternité respectée, pour elles-mêmes et leur communauté. Le vécu des participantes indique que la participation, bien que souhaitée, est complexe et inégale d’une maison de naissance à l’autre, en raison des défis rencontrés et des modalités de fonctionnement distinctes. Malgré les stratégies déployées par la communauté des parents ou le personnel de la maison de naissance, certains éléments essentiels doivent être réunis pour assurer la continuité de l’action des groupes et leur pleine participation : le soutien, l’autonomie et la reconnaissance, ainsi que la présence d’espaces démocratiques. La typologie présentée permet de cerner les caractéristiques principales des groupes de parents à partir d’éléments distinctifs : les objectifs, la structure, la participation, la nature des activités et l’autonomie.

Abstract (English)  :

This thesis examines birthing center user participation in Quebec over the last 25 years, as well as practices that animate community life in these settings. Using both a participatory conceptual framework, as well as parent group experiences, this project sought to understand how these committees manage and organize themselves, and develop the means for concrete, novel actions that respond to their community’s needs. This qualitative study was conducted with 18 women from parent groups, including 4 participants who were involved during pilot projects over 20 years ago, and 14 participants who are currently involved in birthing centers. Using sequential thematic analysis, the research results demonstrate women’s desire to engage in a respected maternity, for themselves and their community. Participant experiences indicate that while involvement is desired in birthing centers, it is complex to achieve and inconsistent between settings due to various challenges and distinct birthing center operating methods. Regardless of the strategies employed by groups of parents or by birthing center workers, there are specific essential elements that must be present to assure continuity in both these groups’ involvement and full participation: support, autonomy and recognition, and the presence of democratic spaces. The presented typology identifies the principal characteristics of parenting groups based on distinct elements: the objectives, structure, participation, nature of activities and autonomy.

Sumário (português)  :

Esta dissertação examina a participação de usuários em centros de parto no Quebec nos últimos 25 anos, bem como as práticas que animam a vida comunitária desses locais. A partir da estrutura conceitual da participação e da experiência de mulheres e grupos de pais, é uma questão de entender como empreender, organizar e desenvolver projetos concretos, inovadores e atender às necessidades de sua comunidade. Esta pesquisa qualitativa foi realizada com 18 mulheres membros de grupos de pais, envolvidas durante os projetos-piloto há mais de 20 anos (4 participantes) e as atualmente envolvidas (14 participantes). Os resultados da pesquisa, analisados ​​com base em temas sequenciados, permitem identificar o desejo das mulheres de se envolver em uma maternidade respeitada, para si e para sua comunidade. As experiências dos participantes indicam que a participação, embora desejada, é complexa e desigual de um centro de parto para outro, devido aos desafios encontrados e aos diferentes métodos operacionais. Apesar das estratégias adotadas pela comunidade dos pais ou pela equipe do centro de parto, certos elementos essenciais devem ser reunidos para garantir a continuidade da ação dos grupos e sua plena participação: apoio, autonomia e reconhecimento, bem como do que a presença de espaços democráticos. A tipologia apresentada permite identificar as principais características dos grupos de pais com base em elementos distintivos: os objetivos, a estrutura, a participação, a natureza das atividades e a autonomia.

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Argument (français) :

Le vécu des participantes indique que la participation, bien que souhaitée, est complexe et inégale d’une maison de naissance à l’autre, en raison des défis rencontrés et des modalités de fonctionnement distinctes.

Argument (English):

The experiences of the participants indicate that participation, although desired, is complex and uneven from one birthing center to another, due to the challenges encountered and the different operating methods.

Argumento (português):

As experiências dos participantes indicam que a participação, embora desejada, é complexa e desigual de um centro de parto para outro, devido aos desafios encontrados e aos diferentes métodos operacionais.

Keywords :

➡ birthing centers

Author of this record :

Catherine Gerbelli — 24 Jan 2020

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