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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 11 Feb 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Does Umbilical Cord Care in Preterm Infants Influence Cord Bacterial Colonization or Detachment? Journal of Perinatology 2004;24(2):100-104.

Author(s) :

Evens K, George J, Angst D, Schweig L.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :


The purpose of the present study was to compare alcohol versus natural drying for umbilical cord care in preterm infants and to examine its effects on bacterial colonization and cord detachment.


Eligible infants <34 weeks gestation admitted to the NICU were randomized to receive either umbilical cleansing with 70% isopropyl alcohol at each diaper change or natural drying. Umbilical stump cultures were performed at 12 to 24 hours, 72 hours, 7 days, and 14 days of age.


A total of 109 infants were enrolled; 102 completed the study. Analyses revealed that the median cord detachment time was significantly shorter in the natural drying group compared to the alcohol group (13.0 versus 16.0 days; p=0.003). There were no cases of local umbilical infection in either group.


Based on the present study, it appears that natural drying is a safe and effective means of umbilical cord care in preterm infants.

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Argument (English):

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Keywords :

➡ evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; premature baby ; newborn care

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 11 Feb 2004

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