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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Created on : 17 Feb 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

The prevalence of violence investigated in a pregnant population in Sweden. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology 2001;22(4).

Author(s) :

Stenson K, Heimer G, Lundh C, Nordström ML, Saarinen H, Wenker A.

Year of publication :


URL(s) :…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

All women registered for antenatal care within a Swedish municipality during a
6-month period were assessed regarding acts of violence. The Abuse Assessment Screen was used on two occasions during pregnancy, and once between 4 and 20 weeks after delivery. The efficacy of repeated interviews was investigated, and characteristics of abused and non-abused women were compared.

The participation rate was 93% (1038 women). Physical abuse by a close acquaintance or relative during or shortly after pregnancy was reported by 1.3%, and by 2.8% when the year preceding pregnancy was included. The lifetime prevalence of emotional, physical or sexual abuse was 19.4%. Repeated questioning increased the detection of abuse. Women abused during pregnancy reported more preceding ill-health and more elective abortions than non-abused women.

Intervention against sexual violence has been on the political agenda in Sweden for several decades. Even so, physical abuse is a risk factor comparable in frequency to obstetric complications such as gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia. Routines need to be established to make questioning about violence an integral part of the standardized screening for risk factors during pregnancy.

Sumário (português)  :

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Argument (English):

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Keywords :

➡ traumatism ; psychology ; screening ; abortion

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 17 Feb 2004
➡ latest update : Bernard Bel — 02 Dec 2007

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