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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

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Currently 3032 records
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Created on : 17 Feb 2004
Modified on : 02 Dec 2007

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Bibliographical entry (without author) :

Self-efficacy for labor and childbirth fears in nulliparous pregnant women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Childbirth 2000;21(4).

Author(s) :

Lowe NK.

Year of publication :


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Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

In this secondary analysis, the relationship between self-efficacy for labor and childbirth fears in healthy nulliparous women was investigated during the third trimester of pregnancy. The sample consisted of 280 predominantly white, well-educated, middle-class nulliparae enrolled in childbirth classes. Consistent with Bandura’s self-efficacy theory, outcome expectancies for childbirth were unrelated to childbirth fears while self-efficacy expectancies were significantly correlated with childbirth fears. When the sample was divided into a low-fear and a high-fear group, significant differences were found between groups on a number of psychological variables. The women in the high-fear group were characterized by significantly higher learned helplessness, chance health locus of control and powerful others health locus of control, and significantly lower self-esteem and generalized self-efficacy. The most common fears of the high-fear women were of losing control during delivery, of the birth itself, of something being wrong with the baby and of painful contractions.

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Argument (français) :

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Keywords :

➡ depression, anxiety ; psychology

Author of this record :

Cécile Loup — 17 Feb 2004

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