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Base de datos - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Presentación de esta base de datos documental (Sitio web de AFAR)
Actualmente 3106 registros
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https://afar.info/id=404

Creado el : 22 Jan 2004
Alterado em : 02 Dec 2007

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Ficha bibliográfica (sin autores) :

Amniotomy alone for induction of labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000; (4): CD002862.

Autores :

Bricker L, Luckas M.

Año de publicación :

2000

URL(s) :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

BACKGROUND: Amniotomy (deliberate rupture of the membranes) is a simple procedure which can be used alone for induction of labour if the membranes are accessible, thus avoiding the need for pharmacological intervention. However, the time interval from amniotomy to established labour may not be acceptable to clinicians and women, and in a number of cases labour may not ensue. This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of amniotomy alone for third trimester labour induction in women with a live fetus.

SEARCH STRATEGY: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register, the Cochrane Controlled trials register and bibliographies of relevant papers.

SELECTION CRITERIA: The criteria for inclusion included the following: (1) clinical trials comparing amniotomy alone for third trimester cervical ripening or labour induction with placebo/no treatment or other methods listed above it on a predefined list of labour induction methods; (2) random or pseudo-random allocation to the treatment or control group; (3) ideally adequate allocation concealment (4) violations of allocated management not sufficient to materially affect conclusions; (5) clinically meaningful outcome measures reported; (6) data available for analysis according to the random allocation; (7) missing data insufficient to materially affect the conclusions.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction using standardised methodology. A strategy was developed to deal with the large volume and complexity of trial data relating to labour induction. This involved a two-stage method of data extraction. The initial data extraction was done centrally, and incorporated into the series of primary reviews arranged by methods of induction of labour. The data from the primary reviews will be incorporated into a series of secondary reviews, arranged by category of woman to reflect clinical scenarios. To avoid duplication of data in the primary reviews, the labour induction methods have been listed in a specific order, from one to 25. Each primary review includes comparisons between one of the methods (from two to 25) with only those methods above it on the list. This review includes comparisons between amniotomy alone (number 5 on the list) with only those methods above it on the list (no treatment / placebo; intravaginal prostaglandins; intracervical prostaglandins; and oxytocin alone).

MAIN RESULTS: Two trials comprising 50 and 260 women respectively were eligible for inclusion in this review. No conclusions could be drawn from comparisons of amniotomy alone versus no intervention, and amniotomy alone versus oxytocin alone (small trial, only one pre-specified outcome reported). No trials compared amniotomy alone with intracervical prostaglandins. One trial compared amniotomy alone with a single dose of vaginal prostaglandins for women with a favourable cervix, and found a significant increase in the need for oxytocin augmentation in the amniotomy alone group (44% versus 15%; RR 2.85, 95% CI 1.82-4.46). This should be viewed with caution as this was the result of a single centre trial. Furthermore, secondary intervention occurred 4 hours after amniotomy, and this time interval may not have been appropriate.

REVIEWER’S CONCLUSIONS: Data is lacking about the value of amniotomy alone for induction of labour. While there are now other modern methods available for induction of labour (pharmacological agents), there remain clinical scenarios where amniotomy alone may be desirable and appropriate, and this method is worthy of further research. This research should include evaluation of the appropriate time interval from amniotomy to secondary intervention, women and caregivers’ satisfaction and economic analysis.

Sumário (português)  :

Resumen (español)  :

Comentarios :

Argument (français) :

Etude de la pratique de l’amniotomie seule pour le déclenchement: pas de conclusion précise.

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Argumento (español):

Palabras claves :

➡ fisiología ; hormonas ; tiempo de labor ; inducción del parto ; oxitocina (Syntocinon) ; rotura de membranas ; gestión activa del trabajo ; amniotomía ; exceder el término

Autor de este registro :

Cécile Loup — 22 Jan 2004

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Esta base de datos está gestionada por la Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
afiliado al Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
Se nutre de las contribuciones de voluntarios interesados en compartir información científica.
Si está de acuerdo con este proyecto, puede ayudarnos de varias maneras:
(1) convertirse en colaborador de esta base de datos, si tiene alguna experiencia en documentación
(2) ou apoio financeiro AFAR (veja abaixo)
(3) o hacerse miembro de la AFAR (o de otra asociación afiliada al CIANE).
Inicie sesión o cree una cuenta para seguir los cambios o convertirse en editor.
Contacta con afar.association(arobase)gmail.com para más información.

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