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Banco de dados - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Descrição deste banco de dados documental (Site da AFAR)
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https://afar.info/id=1052

Criado em : 19 Nov 2004
Alterado em : 01 Dec 2007

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Nota bibliográfica (sem autor) :

Should active management of the third stage of labor be routine? AMERICAN FAMILY PHYSICIAN. 67 (10): 2119-2120 MAY 15

Autores :

Nothnagle M, Taylor JS

Ano de publicação :

2003

URL(s) :

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

Background. Expectant management of the third stage of labor involves allowing the placenta to deliver spontaneously or aided by gravity or nipple stimulation. Active management involves administration of a prophylactic oxytocic before delivery of the placenta and, usually, early cord clamping and cutting, and controlled cord traction on the umbilical cord.

Objectives. The objective of this review(1) was to assess the effects of active versus expectant management on blood loss, postpartum hemorrhage, and other maternal and perinatal complications of the third stage of labor.

Search Strategy. The authors searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register.

Selection Criteria. Randomized trials comparing active and expectant management of the third stage of labor in women who were expecting a vaginal delivery were included.

Data Collection and Analysis. Trial quality was assessed, and data were extracted independently by the reviewers.

Primary Results. Five studies were included. Four of the trials were of good quality. Compared with expectant management, active management (in the setting of a maternity hospital) was associated with the following reduced risks: maternal blood loss (weighted mean difference [WMD], -79.33 mL, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], -94.29 to -64.37); postpartum hemorrhage greater than 500 mL (relative risk [RR], 0.38, 95 percent CI, 0.32 to 0.46); and prolonged third stage of labor (WMD, -9.77 minutes, 95 percent CI, -10.00 to -9.53). Active management was associated with an increased risk of maternal nausea (RR, 1.83, 95 percent CI, 1.51 to 2.23), vomiting, and raised blood pressure (probably due to the use of ergometrine). No advantages or disadvantages were apparent for the infant.

Reviewers’ Conclusions. Routine active management is superior to expectant management in terms of blood loss, postpartum hemorrhage, and other serious complications of the third stage of labor. Active management is, however, associated with an increased risk of unpleasant side effects (e.g., nausea and vomiting) and hypertension when ergometrine is used. Active management should be the routine management of choice for women expecting to deliver a baby by vaginal delivery in a maternity hospital. The implications are less clear in other settings, including home birth in developing and industrialized countries.

Sumário (português)  :

Comentários :

Il s’agit d’une "review" de 5 études. Cependant, la bibliographie de cet article contient seulement 3 références (COMBS,CA 1991; MCDONALD S,2003; PRENDIVILLE WJ, 2003).
Cela me parrait quand même relativement peu pour un article qui se qualifie de "review"!

Argument (français) :

Review: La gestion active du travail devrait être la gestion de routine pour les accouchements par voie vaginale

Argument (English):

Review: Active management should be the routine management of choice for women expecting to deliver a baby by vaginal delivery in a maternity hospital

Argumento (português):

Palavras-chaves :

➡ duração do trabalho de parto ; hemorragia post-partum ; gestão activa do trabalho

Autor da esta ficha :

Sandrine Péneau — 19 Nov 2004

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Esta base de dados é gerida pela Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
filiados Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
Ele é alimentado pelas contribuições de voluntários interessados ​​em compartilhar informações científicas.
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