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Banco de dados - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Descrição deste banco de dados documental (Site da AFAR)
Atualmente 3046 fichas
Canal do YouTube (tutorial)

https://afar.info/id=2713

Criado em : 12 May 2016
Alterado em : 12 May 2016

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Nota bibliográfica (sem autor) :

The Bristol third stage trial: active versus physiological management of third stage of labour. - BMJ : British Medical Journal - Vol. 297, 6659 - ISBN: 0959-8138 - p.1295-1300

Autores :

Prendiville, W. J.; Harding, J. E.; Elbourne, D. R.; Stirrat, G. M.

Ano de publicação :

1988

URL(s) :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC183491…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

OBJECTIVE--To compare the effects on fetal and maternal morbidity of routine active management of third stage of labour and expectant (physiological) management, in particular to determine whether active management reduced incidence of postpartum haemorrhage. DESIGN--Randomised trial of active versus physiological management. Women entered trial on admission to labour ward with allocation revealed just before vaginal delivery. Five months into trial high rate of postpartum haemorrhage in physiological group (16.5% v 3.8%) prompted modification of protocol to exclude more women and allow those allocated to physiological group who needed some active management to be switched to fully active management. Sample size of 3900 was planned, but even after protocol modification a planned interim analysis after first 1500 deliveries showed continuing high postpartum haemorrhage rate in physiological group and study was stopped. SETTING--Maternity hospital. PARTICIPANTS--Of 4709 women delivered from 1 January 1986 to 31 January 1987, 1695 were admitted to trial and allocated randomly to physiological (849) or active (846) management. Reasons for exclusion were: refusal, antepartum haemorrhage, cardiac disease, breech presentation, multiple pregnancy, intrauterine death, and, after May 1986, ritodrine given two hours before delivery, anticoagulant treatment, and any condition needing a particular management of third stage. INTERVENTIONS--All but six women allocated to active management actually received it, having prophylactic oxytocic, cord clamping before placental delivery, and cord traction; whereas just under half those allocated to physiological management achieved it. A fifth of physiological group received prophylactic oxytocic, two fifths underwent cord traction and just over half clamping of the cord before placental delivery. ENDPOINT--Reduction in incidence of postpartum haemorrhage from 7.5% under physiological management to 5.0% under active management. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--Incidence of postpartum haemorrhage was 5.9% in active management group and 17.9% in physiological group (odds ratio 3.13; 95% confidence interval 2.3 to 4.2), a contrast reflected in other indices of blood loss. In physiological group third stage was longer (median 15 min v 5 min) and more women needed therapeutic oxytocics (29.7% v 6.4%). Apgar scores at one and five minutes and incidence of neonatal respiratory problems were not significantly different between groups. Babies in physiological group weighed mean of 85 g more than those in active group. When women allocated to and receiving active management (840) were compared with those who actually received physiological management (403) active management still produced lower rate of postpartum haemorrhage (odds ratio 2.4;95% CI1.6 to 3.7). CONCLUSIONS--Policy of active management practised in this trial reduces incidence of postpartum haemorrhage, shortens third stage, and results in reduced neonatal packed cell volume.

Sumário (português)  :

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Argument (français) :

Argument (English):

Argumento (português):

Palavras-chaves :

➡ ocitocina-3rd stage of labour

Autor da esta ficha :

Import 12/05/2016 — 12 May 2016

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Esta base de dados é gerida pela Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
filiados Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
Ele é alimentado pelas contribuições de voluntários interessados ​​em compartilhar informações científicas.
Se você aprovar este projeto, você pode nos ajudar de várias maneiras:
(1) tornar-se um colaborador com base nisso, se você tem um pouco experiência na literatura científica
(2) ou apoio financeiro AFAR (veja abaixo)
(3) ou tornar-se um membro da AFAR (ou outra associação afiliada à CIANE).
Faça login ou crie uma conta para seguir as alterações ou se tornar um editor.
Contato afar.association(arobase)gmail.com para mais informações.

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