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Banco de dados - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Descrição deste banco de dados documental (Site da AFAR)
Atualmente 3046 fichas
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https://afar.info/id=2723

Criado em : 12 May 2016
Alterado em : 12 May 2016

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Nota bibliográfica (sem autor) :

Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage - Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Autores :

Hofmeyr, G Justus; Abdel-Aleem, Hany; Abdel-Aleem, Mahmoud A

Ano de publicação :

2013

URL(s) :

http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/14651858.CD006431.pub…

Résumé (français)  :

Abstract (English)  :

Background:

Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) (bleeding from the genital tract after childbirth) is a major cause of maternal mortality and disability, particularly in under-resourced areas. In these settings, uterotonics are often not accessible. There is a need for simple, inexpensive techniques which can be applied in low-resourced settings to prevent and treat PPH. Uterine massage is recommended as part of the routine active management of the third stage of labour. However, it is not known whether it is effective. If shown to be effective, uterine massage would represent a simple intervention with the potential to have a major effect on PPH and maternal mortality in under-resourced settings.
Objectives:

To determine the effectiveness of uterine massage after birth and before or after delivery of the placenta, or both, to reduce postpartum blood loss and associated morbidity and mortality.
Search strategy:

We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group’s Trials Register (30 April 2013).
Selection criteria:

All published, unpublished and ongoing randomised controlled trials comparing uterine massage alone or in addition to uterotonics before or after delivery of the placenta, or both, with non-massage.
Data collection and analysis:

Two researchers independently considered trials for eligibility, assessed risk of bias and extracted the data using the agreed form. Data were checked for accuracy. The effect of uterine massage commenced before or after placental delivery were first assessed separately, and then the combined for an overall result.
Main results:

This review included two randomised controlled trials. The first trial included 200 women who were randomised to receive uterine massage or no massage following delivery of the placenta, after active management of the third stage of labour including use of oxytocin. The numbers of women with blood loss more than 500 mL was small, with no statistically significant difference (risk ratio (RR) 0.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.16 to 1.67). There were no cases of retained placenta in either group. The mean blood loss was significantly less in the uterine massage group at 30 minutes (mean difference (MD) -41.60 mL, 95% CI -75.16 to -8.04) and 60 minutes after trial entry (MD -77.40 mL, 95% CI -118.71 to -36.09). The need for additional uterotonics was significantly reduced in the uterine massage group (RR 0.20, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.50).

For use of uterine massage before and after delivery of the placenta, one trial recruited 1964 women in Egypt and South Africa. Women were assigned to receive oxytocin, uterine massage or both after delivery of the baby but before delivery of the placenta. There was no added benefit for uterine massage plus oxytocin over oxytocin alone as regards blood loss greater than or equal to 500 mL (average RR 1.56, 95% CI 0.44, 5.49; random-effects) or need for additional use of uterotonics (RR 1.02, 95% CI 0.56 to 1.85).

The two trials were combined to examine the effect of uterine massage commenced either before or after delivery of the placenta. There was substantial heterogeneity with respect to the blood loss 500 mL or more after trial entry. The average effect using a random-effects model found no statistically significant differences between groups (average RR 1.14, 95% CI 0.39 to 3.32; random-effects).

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➡ 3ª etapa do parto

Autor da esta ficha :

Import 12/05/2016 — 12 May 2016

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Esta base de dados é gerida pela Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, https://afar.info)
filiados Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, https://ciane.net).
Ele é alimentado pelas contribuições de voluntários interessados ​​em compartilhar informações científicas.
Se você aprovar este projeto, você pode nos ajudar de várias maneiras:
(1) tornar-se um colaborador com base nisso, se você tem um pouco experiência na literatura científica
(2) ou apoio financeiro AFAR (veja abaixo)
(3) ou tornar-se um membro da AFAR (ou outra associação afiliada à CIANE).
Faça login ou crie uma conta para seguir as alterações ou se tornar um editor.
Contato afar.association(arobase)gmail.com para mais informações.

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