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Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR)

Description of this bibliographical database (AFAR website)
Currently 3059 records
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Keywords ➡  birth attendant 

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In Iceland, 6% with women had a negative experience in childbirth. The role of the midwife is identified as the most important factor of influence.

Valgerdur Lisa Sigurdardottira, Jennifer Gamble, Berglind Gudmundsdottira, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Herdis Sveinsdottire, Helga Gottfredsdottir (2017)

The predictive role of support in the birth experience: A longitudinal cohort study  Display this record
➡ midwifery training ; psychology ; public health ; birth attendant ; midwife




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Continuous support during labour may improve outcomes for women and infants, including increased spontaneous vaginal birth, shorter duration of labour, and decreased caesarean birth, instrumental vaginal birth, use of any analgesia, use of regional analgesia, low five-minute Apgar score and negative feelings about childbirth experiences.

Meghan A Bohren, G Justus Hofmeyr, Carol Sakala, Rieko K Fukuzawa, Anna Cuthbert (2017)

Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group, 6 July  Display this record
➡ c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; duration of labour ; father ; public health ; pain ; forceps delivery ; vacuum extraction (ventouse) ; epidural ; birth attendant




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Progress in early labour is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews.

Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori (2017)

Assessment and support during early labour for improving birth outcomes, Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group  Display this record
➡ psychology ; public health ; epidural ; birth attendant




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Most women should be offered ‘midwife-led continuity of care’. It provides benefits for women and babies and we have identified no adverse effects.

Sandall, J., Soltani, H., Gates, S., Shennan, A., & Devane, D. (2016)

Midwife‐led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women.  Display this record
➡ c-section/caesarean ; midwifery training ; evidence-based medicine/midwifery ; premature baby ; psychology ; newborn care ; iatrogeny ; obstetric and gynecologic violence obstetric violence, obstetrical violence ; guidelines ; induction of labor ; forceps delivery ; active management of labor ; pain medication ; epidural ; birthing centers ; perinatal death rates ; doula ; birth attendant ; midwife ; planned homebirth ; deontology ; informed consent


Fifteen studies in total, 17 674 comprise this meta-analysis. High quality studies were selected for  more…


full text

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The objective of this qualitative study is to shed light on the ins and outs of standardizing the supply of care.

Catherine Thomas (2016)

Accoucher en France aujourd’hui : Les enjeux de la profession de sage-femme et le positionnement des femmes face à la naissance médicalisée. Thèse d’anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de La Réunion.  Display this record
➡ survey ; midwifery training ; history, sociology ; public health ; iatrogeny ; birth attendant ; midwife



full text

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P. Gironi, C. Kirkpatrick, C. Baeyens et Y. Englert (2015)

L’accouchement par sage-femme en pleine autonomie. Revue de la littérature et analyse de 80 mois d’activité à l’hôpital Universitaire Erasme. Rev Med Brux 2015. n.36.p.141-6  Display this record
➡ place of birth ; public health ; birth attendant ; epidural



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All women should have support throughout labour and birth.

Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr GJ, Sakala C (2008)

Continuous support for women during childbirth. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008 Issue 2  Display this record
➡ psychology ; doula ; birth attendant


Traduction de Margot Winterhalter……


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Labor support by a minimally trained female friend or relative, selected by the mother-to-be, enhances the postpartum well-being of nulliparous mothers and their infants, and is a low-cost alternative to professional doulas.

Campbell D, Scott KD, Klaus MH, Falk M. (2008)

Female relatives or friends trained as labor doulas: outcomes at 6 to 8 weeks postpartum. Birth. 2008 June; 35(2): 92-97  Display this record
➡ psychology ; birth attendant ; doula ; homebirth ; breastfeeding




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Providing low-income pregnant women with the option to choose a female friend who has received lay doula training and will act as doula during labor, along with other family members, shortens the labor process.

Campbell DA, Lake MF, Falk M, Backstrand JR. (2006)

A randomized control trial of continuous support in labor by a lay doula. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2006 Jul-Aug;35(4):456-64  Display this record
➡ duration of labour ; psychology ; birth attendant ; doula ; dilation


Traduction de Margot Winterhalter



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Mary L. Koehn (2002)

Childbirth Education Outcomes: An Integrative Review of the Literature. J Perinat Educ. 2002 Summer; 11(3): 10–19.  Display this record
➡ survey ; psychology ; birth attendant ; doula ; deontology ; birth plan ; informed consent




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Moind de péridurale et un meilleur vécu de l’accouchement avec une doula, mais même taux d’accouchements opératoires.

Gordon NP, Walton D, McAdam E, Derman J, Gallitero G, Garrett L. (1999)

Effects of providing hospital-based doulas in health maintenance organization hospitals. Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Mar;93(3):422-6.  Display this record
➡ c-section/caesarean ; depression, anxiety ; psychology ; breastfeeding ; pain ; instrumental delivery ; oxytocin ; epidural ; doula ; birth attendant




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Psychosocial support by doulas had a positive effect on breastfeeding and duration of labour. It had a more limited impact on medical interventions.

Langer A, Campero L, Garcia C, Reynoso S. (1998)

Effects of psychosocial support during labour and childbirth on breastfeeding, medical interventions, and mothers’ wellbeing in a Mexican public hospital: a randomised clinical trial. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Oct;105(10):1056-63.  Display this record
➡ psychology ; birth attendant ; doula ; breastfeeding ; dilation


Traduction de Margot Winterhalter



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For middle-class women laboring with the support of their male partner, the continuous presence of a doula during labor significantly decreased the likelihood of cesarean delivery and reduced the need for epidural analgesia.

McGrath SK, Kennell JH. (1998)

A randomized controlled trial of continuous labor support for middle-class couples: effect on cesarean delivery rates. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Oct;105(10):1056-63.  Display this record
➡ c-section/caesarean ; psychology ; birth attendant ; doula ; epidural


Traduction de Margot Winterhalter


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